In the picture above you can see the main tool used in this process - your hook. There are 3 different sizes, primitive for large scale work, medium and fine. I would recommend that you start with a medium hook. The fine one is only suitable for small scale work where you are hooking very thin strips of fabric or yarn.
You will also need a sharp pair of scissors.
A frame. This type of rug really needs to be held taught on a frame. It is possible to do without or use a large quilting frame but much easier on a large frame. A quilting frame is fine if you already have one but you can also screw 4 pieces of wood together a few inches larger than you want your finished rug to be.
For the base of your rug you will need a piece of hessian ( burlap). Originally feed sacks were used but hessian can be bought at fabric shops. Get a medium weave.
As you can see it is possible to make a picture for the wall with this method as well as an actual rug. The fabric needs to be cut in to strips about 1/2 inch wide or slightly less. Thick fabrics should be cut thinner and fine fabrics thicker. The strips should be as long as your piece of fabric allows.
Now fix your hessian to your frame. I use a staple gun for this but it could be stitched as well. Make sure it is quite taut. Find a comfortable position to sit in. It is often convenient to sit in a chair next to a table with one side of the frame resting on the table.
To hook - hold the hook in your dominant hand on top of the hessian and hold a strip of fabric in your other hand underneath the hessian. Bring the fabric strip up so it touches the hessian and hook a loop of it through with your hook. Your loop should be in between 1/4 and 1/2 inch tall. Move along a few holes in the weave of the hessian and hook another loop through . That is all there is to it. When you want to change colour simply snip of the remaining fabric and start with another. Because the loops are squashed tightly together they will not come out unless you pull them really hard.
Next time we will look at a different type of rug.